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Weather in Turkey – Turkish climate

Turkey is a warm and inviting country in more ways than one, it is an established holiday resort for many reasons; however one main factor in particular is the favourable climate. As with most countries the south coast is warmer and these are where the main holiday resorts can be found. There are 81 cities which are all located into 7 specific regions – Marmara, Aegean, Mediterranean, Black Sea, Central Anatolia, Eastern Anatolia and Southeast Anatolia.

The majority of holiday makers and property for sale in Turkey investors head to the Marmara, Aegean and Mediterranean regions so we will concentrate on those areas for the weather and climate reports.

Turkey has on average 300 days of sunshine per year which is around 2440 hours with warm spring times, hot dry summers and mild winters. The misconception is that Turkey does not have 4 seasons, it does. However the climate is typically Mediterranean with lot of sunshine, mild temperatures during the winter months and limited rainfall in the winter.

The driest months are: July, August and September
The wettest months are: December, January and February

Turkey’s seasons
Winter is: December, January and February
Spring is: March, April and May
Summer is: June, July, August and September
Autumn is: October and November

The Marmara region – Bursa, Istanbul, Izmit and Yalova
The Marmara regions average air temperature in the winter is 5°C and reaches 25°C in the summer.
In Marmara the winter sea temperature is 9°C and during the summer 23°C.

The Aegean region – Akbuk, Altinkum, Bodrum and Kusadasi
The Aegean average air temperature ranges from its lowest 12°C in the winter months to summer highs of 33°C.
The average sea temperature in the Aegean in winter is 11°C and summer is 26°C.

The Mediterranean region – Alanya, Antalya, Belek, Fethiye, Kalkan and Side
The Mediterranean area average air temperature is 15°C at its lowest in the winter to a summer sizzler of 34°C.
The Mediterranean Sea temperature in the winter is 17 °C whilst the summer is 28°C.

Maximum average temperature °C:

Region Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Marmara 5 5 8 13 17 21 25 25 21 15 11 6
Aegean 12 13 16 21 26 31 33 32 29 24 18 14
Mediterranean 15 15 18 21 25 30 34 34 31 26 21 17

Average days of sunshine:

Region Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec
Marmara 4 4 5 6 8 10 10 10 12 8 6 3
Aegean 15 13 20 21 28 29 30 31 30 29 18 19
Mediterranean 22 20 22 23 30 29 30 31 30 29 21 20

The summer season in Turkey is from May to October with the best months to visit June, July, August and September for maximum sunshine and the hottest temperatures. However you may find sightseeing uncomfortable at those times, if you are a keen sightseer then visit April, May or October when it’s a little cooler.