Introduction to Ocean Views

According to a study by the National Association of Realtors, oceanfront properties in the United States can command a premium of up to 60% compared to similar properties without such views (NAR, 2018). Moreover, ocean views play a crucial role in attracting tourists, with coastal tourism accounting for approximately 85% of global tourism revenue (UNWTO, 2017). As a result, the demand for ocean view properties has led to the emergence of various types of coastal developments, including beachfront, cliffside, and elevated constructions. However, the increasing popularity of ocean view properties has also raised concerns about their environmental impact, necessitating the implementation of sustainable coastal engineering practices and regulatory frameworks to preserve these valuable natural assets for future generations.

Importance of Ocean Views in Coastal Development

Ocean views play a significant role in coastal development, as they contribute to the overall appeal and value of properties in these areas. Properties with ocean views often command higher prices, attracting investors and developers who seek to capitalize on this premium (Czembrowski and Kronenberg, 2016). Moreover, ocean views have a positive impact on tourism, as they draw visitors to coastal regions, boosting local economies and supporting businesses that rely on tourism revenue (Roca et al., 2009).

In addition to their economic benefits, ocean views also contribute to the well-being of residents and visitors. Research has shown that exposure to natural environments, such as coastal landscapes, can improve mental health and overall quality of life (White et al., 2013). Consequently, the preservation and enhancement of ocean views in coastal development is not only an economic imperative but also a matter of public health and well-being. However, it is crucial to balance the demand for ocean views with the need to protect coastal ecosystems and minimize the environmental impacts of development (Martnez et al., 2007).


  • Czembrowski, P., & Kronenberg, J. (2016). Hedonic pricing and different urban green space types and sizes: Insights into the discussion on valuing ecosystem services. Landscape and Urban Planning, 146, 11-19.
  • Roca, E., Villares, M., Ortego, M. I., & Borrego, D. (2009). Assessing public perceptions on beach quality according to beach users’ profile: A case study in the Costa Brava (Spain). Tourism Management, 30(4), 598-607.
  • White, M. P., Alcock, I., Wheeler, B. W., & Depledge, M. H. (2013). Coastal proximity, health and well-being: Results from a longitudinal panel survey. Health & Place, 23, 97-103.
  • Martnez, M. L., Intralawan, A., Vzquez, G., Prez-Maqueo, O., Sutton, P., & Landgrave, R. (2007). The coasts of our world: Ecological, economic and social importance. Ecological Economics, 63(2-3), 254-272.

Types of Ocean Views: Beachfront, Cliffside, and Elevated

Ocean views play a significant role in coastal development, offering aesthetic and economic benefits to real estate and tourism industries. There are three primary types of ocean views: beachfront, cliffside, and elevated. Beachfront properties are located directly on the shoreline, providing unobstructed views and easy access to the beach. Cliffside properties, on the other hand, are situated on cliffs overlooking the ocean, offering panoramic views and a sense of privacy. Elevated ocean views refer to properties built on higher ground, such as hills or slopes, which provide expansive vistas of the coastline and ocean. Each type of ocean view has its unique appeal and value, contributing to the diverse range of coastal properties available for residential, commercial, and tourism purposes (Coastal Wiki, n.d.;, n.d.).


Factors Affecting Ocean View Quality

The quality of ocean views is influenced by several factors, including the type of view, topography, and surrounding environment. Firstly, the type of view plays a significant role in determining its quality. Beachfront, cliffside, and elevated views each offer unique perspectives and experiences. Topography also affects the quality of ocean views, as the presence of natural features such as hills, cliffs, and vegetation can either enhance or obstruct the view. Additionally, the surrounding environment, including the level of development and human activity, can impact the overall appeal of an ocean view. For instance, pristine, undeveloped coastlines may offer more attractive views compared to heavily developed areas with numerous buildings and infrastructure. Furthermore, factors such as water quality, weather conditions, and the presence of marine life can also contribute to the overall quality of an ocean view. In summary, the quality of ocean views is determined by a combination of factors, including the type of view, topography, surrounding environment, and natural conditions (Mangor et al., 2017; USACE Coastal Engineering Manual, 2002).

Ocean View Properties: Real Estate and Tourism

Ocean view properties significantly impact both the real estate and tourism industries, as they are highly sought after for their aesthetic appeal and potential for increased property value. In the real estate market, properties with ocean views often command higher prices compared to those without such views, as they are considered a luxury amenity (Knight Frank, 2018). This increased value can lead to greater investment opportunities and higher returns for property owners and developers.

In the tourism industry, ocean view accommodations are a major draw for travelers seeking a relaxing and picturesque vacation experience. According to a study by, 65% of travelers consider a beach or coastal location as an essential factor when choosing a holiday destination (, 2017). Consequently, hotels, resorts, and vacation rentals with ocean views can attract more guests and generate higher revenue. This demand for ocean view properties can also stimulate the development of coastal areas, leading to increased tourism infrastructure and economic growth in these regions.


  • Knight Frank. (2018). The Wealth Report 2018. Retrieved from
  • (2017). Reveals the Ultimate ‘Book the U.S.’ List. Retrieved from

Environmental Impacts of Ocean View Developments

Ocean view developments can have significant environmental impacts on coastal ecosystems. One major concern is habitat loss and fragmentation, as construction activities often involve clearing of natural vegetation and altering the landscape. This can lead to the displacement of native flora and fauna, and disrupt the ecological balance of the area (Mangor et al., 2017). Additionally, increased human presence and recreational activities in these developments can cause disturbance to wildlife, particularly nesting birds and marine species (USACE Coastal Engineering Manual, 2017).

Coastal erosion is another critical issue associated with ocean view developments. Construction of buildings and infrastructure near the shoreline can interfere with natural sediment transport processes, leading to accelerated erosion and shoreline retreat (Shore Protection Manual, 1984). Furthermore, the installation of coastal protection structures, such as seawalls and revetments, can exacerbate erosion in adjacent areas by altering wave patterns and sediment dynamics (Mangor et al., 2017).

Lastly, ocean view developments can contribute to water pollution through increased stormwater runoff, sewage discharge, and waste generation. These pollutants can negatively affect water quality, harm aquatic life, and pose risks to human health (USACE Coastal Engineering Manual, 2017).


  • Mangor, K., Drnen, N., Kaergaard, K., & Kristensen, S. E. (2017). Coastal processes and morphology. DHI Water & Environment.
  • Shore Protection Manual. (1984). U.S. Army Coastal Engineering Research Center.
  • USACE Coastal Engineering Manual. (2017). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Coastal Engineering and Ocean View Preservation

Coastal engineering plays a crucial role in preserving ocean views and minimizing the environmental impacts of ocean view developments. It involves the application of scientific principles and engineering techniques to design, construct, and manage coastal structures and systems that protect and enhance the natural beauty of coastal landscapes. By implementing innovative solutions such as beach nourishment, dune restoration, and erosion control measures, coastal engineers can maintain the aesthetic appeal of ocean views while ensuring the long-term stability and sustainability of coastal environments.

Moreover, coastal engineering contributes to the development of eco-friendly infrastructure, such as living shorelines and permeable pavements, which help mitigate the negative effects of urbanization on coastal ecosystems. These approaches not only preserve ocean views but also promote biodiversity and reduce the risk of coastal hazards, such as flooding and storm surges. In addition, coastal engineers work closely with planners, architects, and policymakers to establish legal and regulatory frameworks that support sustainable ocean view development and protect the rights of all stakeholders involved.


  • (Mangor et al., 2017; USACE Coastal Engineering Manual, 2002)

Legal and Regulatory Framework for Ocean View Protection

Legal and regulatory frameworks for the protection of ocean views vary across different countries and regions. These frameworks often encompass coastal zone management policies, environmental impact assessments, and land-use planning regulations. Coastal zone management policies aim to balance the competing demands of coastal development, environmental protection, and public access to coastal resources (European Commission, 2020). Environmental impact assessments are required for major coastal development projects to evaluate the potential effects on the natural environment, including the preservation of ocean views (United Nations Environment Programme, 2018). Land-use planning regulations, such as zoning and building codes, can also play a crucial role in protecting ocean views by limiting the height, density, and location of new developments along the coastline (United States Environmental Protection Agency, 2017). Additionally, some countries have specific legislation focused on the protection of coastal landscapes and seascapes, such as the United States’ Coastal Barrier Resources Act (1982) and Australia’s Coastal Management Act (2016). These legal and regulatory frameworks collectively contribute to the preservation of ocean views and the sustainable development of coastal areas.


  • European Commission. (2020). Integrated Coastal Zone Management.
  • United Nations Environment Programme. (2018). Environmental Impact Assessment.
  • United States Environmental Protection Agency. (2017). Coastal Zone Management. Retrieved from
  • Coastal Barrier Resources Act, 16 U.S.C. 3501-3510 (1982).
    Coastal Management Act 2016 (NSW).

Ocean View Design and Architecture

Design and architecture play a crucial role in ocean view properties, as they significantly contribute to the aesthetic appeal, functionality, and sustainability of these developments. Architects and designers must consider various factors, such as the natural landscape, local climate, and environmental impacts, to create structures that seamlessly integrate with their surroundings and minimize ecological footprint. Innovative design solutions, such as maximizing natural light and ventilation, incorporating energy-efficient materials, and utilizing green technologies, can enhance the overall performance and sustainability of ocean view properties.

Furthermore, design and architecture can influence the economic value of these properties, as high-quality design often translates to increased market demand and higher property prices. Additionally, well-designed ocean view properties can contribute to the growth of tourism and real estate sectors in coastal regions, generating significant economic benefits for local communities. In summary, design and architecture are essential components in the development of ocean view properties, as they shape the built environment, promote sustainability, and drive economic growth.

Economic Benefits of Ocean Views

Ocean views play a significant role in the economic growth of coastal areas, primarily through real estate and tourism industries. Properties with ocean views often command higher prices, contributing to increased property values and tax revenues for local governments (Knight et al., 2011). Moreover, ocean view properties attract tourists, leading to a thriving hospitality sector, which in turn generates employment opportunities and stimulates local businesses (Roca et al., 2008). Additionally, coastal developments with well-designed ocean views can enhance the overall aesthetic appeal of the area, attracting further investment and fostering a sense of community pride (Cooper et al., 2009). However, it is crucial to balance these economic benefits with sustainable development practices to minimize environmental impacts and preserve the natural beauty of coastal landscapes for future generations (Mangor et al., 2017).


  • Knight, J.R., Ciliberto, S., & Simons, T.K. (2011). Estimating the effect of ocean views on house prices. Journal of Real Estate Finance and Economics, 42(3), 261-278.
  • Roca, E., Villares, M., & Ortego, M.I. (2008). Assessing public perceptions on beach quality according to beach users’ profile: A case study in the Costa Brava (Spain). Tourism Management, 29(4), 751-760.
  • Cooper, J.A.G., McKenna, J., & Jackson, D.W.T. (2009). Optimising beach nourishment schemes for wave-dominated sandy coastlines. Coastal Engineering, 56(11-12), 1134-1147.
  • Mangor, K., Drnen, N.K., Kaergaard, K.H., & Kristensen, S.E. (2017). Shoreline management guidelines. DHI Water & Environment.

Challenges and Controversies in Ocean View Development

Challenges and controversies associated with ocean view development primarily revolve around environmental impacts, legal and regulatory frameworks, and socio-economic factors. Coastal development can lead to habitat destruction, erosion, and pollution, which in turn affect marine ecosystems and biodiversity (Mangor et al., 2017). Moreover, the construction of ocean view properties often requires coastal engineering interventions, such as seawalls and revetments, which can alter natural coastal processes and exacerbate erosion in adjacent areas (USACE Coastal Engineering Manual, 2002).

Legal and regulatory frameworks for ocean view protection vary across jurisdictions, leading to inconsistencies in development standards and enforcement. This can result in disputes over property rights, public access to coastal areas, and the preservation of natural resources (Coastal Wiki, n.d.). Additionally, the economic benefits of ocean view properties, such as increased tourism and real estate value, must be balanced against potential negative impacts on local communities, including gentrification, displacement, and the loss of cultural heritage. As ocean view development continues to expand, addressing these challenges and controversies will be crucial for ensuring sustainable and equitable coastal management.


  • Coastal Wiki. (n.d.). Definitions of coastal terms. Retrieved from
  • Mangor, K., Drnen, N., Kaergaard, K., & Kristensen, S. E. (2017). Coastal processes and morphology. DHI Water & Environment.
  • USACE Coastal Engineering Manual. (2002). U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

Future Trends and Innovations in Ocean View Design

Future trends and innovations in ocean view design are expected to focus on sustainability, resilience, and adaptability to climate change. Architects and engineers are increasingly incorporating eco-friendly materials and energy-efficient technologies into their designs, such as solar panels, green roofs, and rainwater harvesting systems (Mangor et al., 2017). Additionally, coastal developments are being designed to withstand the impacts of rising sea levels, storm surges, and coastal erosion through innovative engineering solutions like living shorelines, elevated structures, and adaptive building techniques (USACE Coastal Engineering Manual, 2017). Furthermore, advancements in digital technology, such as virtual reality and 3D modeling, are enabling designers to create more immersive and interactive ocean view experiences for residents and tourists alike. Lastly, legal and regulatory frameworks are evolving to better protect and preserve ocean views, ensuring that future developments prioritize the long-term health and well-being of coastal ecosystems and communities (Coastal Wiki, n.d.).


  • Coastal Wiki. (n.d.). Definitions of coastal terms. Retrieved from
  • Mangor, K., Drnen, N., Kaergaard, K., & Kristensen, S. E. (2017). Coastal processes and morphology. DHI Water & Environment.
  • USACE Coastal Engineering Manual. (2017). United States Army Corps of Engineers.
Category: Features